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Американская версия рейтинга „мозговых центров” планеты

Оригинал взят у ss69100 в Американская версия рейтинга „мозговых центров” планеты
Ещё немного информации и статистики по мировым „мозговым центрам”. На этот раз мы возьмём за основу работу сотрудника Пенсильванского университета Джеймса МакГанна (James G. McGann). Этот университет уже давно занимается сбором и обработкой статистики по международным „мозговым центрам”.

В Северной Америке (Мексика, Канада и США) существует 1931 „мозговой центр”, из которых 1835 находятся в Соединенных Штатах.

1770 „мозговых центров” находятся в Европе.

Около 55 процентов всех мировых  „мозговых центров” находятся в Северной Америке и Европе.

90,5 процента были созданы, начиная с 1951 года.

С 1980 г. число мозговых центров в США выросло более чем в два раза.

31 процентов мозговых центров были созданы в период с 1981 по 1990 год.

Большинство мозговых центров, которые возникли в Соединенных Штатах с 1970-х годов, являются специализированными для конкретной региональной или функциональной области

Примерно четверть американских „мозговых центров” (около 400 учреждений) расположены в Вашингтоне, округ Колумбия.

Более половины „мозговых центров” являются учебным заведением.

На это заключение следует обратить особое внимание: Штаты пытаются приобщить талантливую молодёжь к аналитической работе, что называется, сызмальства. А иначе откуда черпать кадры в достаточном количестве?

Конечно, такой подход имеет и негативную сторону: человек, не набравшийся основательного жизненного опыта вряд ли сможет выдавать высококачественную аналитику. Так что всё зависит от меры выбора: с одной стороны, с другой... Во всяком случае у США есть среди кого выбирать.

Причины нынешнего возрастания в мире числа „мозговых центров”

Информационно-технологическая революция.
Конец монополии национальных правительств по владению информацией.
Увеличение сложности и технического характера политических проблем.
Увеличение размера правительства.
Кризис доверия к власти и выборным должностным лицам.
Глобализация и рост государственных и негосударственных субъектов.
Необходимость своевременного и краткой информации и анализа „в правильной форме, в нужные руки, в требуемый момент”.




Список числа „мозговых центров” по странам мира
Ангола 4
Австрия 40
Азербайджан 13
Албания14
Андорра 2
Армения 14
[Spoiler (click to open)]
Афганистан 6
Бангладеш 35
Беларусь 21
Бельгия 53
Бенин 15
Болгария 35
Босния и Герцеговина 14
Ботсвана 13
Бруней 1
Буркина-Фасо 16
Бурунди 5
Бутан 9
Ватикан 1
Венгрия 42
Вьетнам 10
Габон 2
Гамбия 6
Гана 37
Гвинея 2
Гвинея-Бисау 1
Германия 195
Гонконг 30
Город Мадагаскар 5
Греция 35
Грузия 14
Дания 41
Замбия 13
Зимбабве 26
Индия 280
Индонезия 27
Ирландия 14
Исландия 7
Испания 55
Италия 97
Кабо-Верде 2
Казахстан 8
Камбоджа 10
Камерун 21
Кения 53
Китай 435
Конго 3
Конго, Демократическая Республика 7
Косово 3
Кот-д'Ивуар 12
Кыргызстан 10
Лаос 3
Латвия 11
Лесото 4
Либерия 3
Литва 19
Лихтенштейн 2
Люксембург 6
Маврикий 8
Мавритания 2
Macao 1
Македония 18
Малави 15
Малайзия 18
Мали 12
Мальдивы 6
Мальта 4
Мозамбик 4
Молдова 9
Монако 2
Монголия 7
Намибия 15
Непал 12
Нигер 4
Нигерия 48
Нидерланды 58
Норвегия 15
Пакистан 20
Польша 42
Португалия 21
Россия 122
Руанда 7
Румыния 54
Сан-Марино 1
Свазиленд 4
Северная Корея 2
Сейшельские 3
Сенегал 16
Сербия 24
Сингапур 12
Словакия 18
Словения 19
Соединенное Королевство 288
Сомали 6
Сьерра-Леоне 1
Таджикистан 7
Тайвань 52
Таиланд 8
Танзания 15
Того 4
Туркменистан 1
Уганда 28
Узбекистан 8
Украина 47
Филиппины 21
Финляндия 28
Франция 180
Хорватия 11
Центрально-Африканская Республика 2
Чад 3
Черногория 4
Чехия 27
Швейцария 73
Швеция 77
Шри-Ланка 14
Эритрея 5
Эстония 17
Эфиопия 25
Южная Африка 86
Южная Корея 35
Южный Судан 5
Япония 109

Сравнивая американские данные со сведениями из других источников, мы видим, что пенсильванские социологи значительно расширили свои критерии для включения аналитических центров в состав множества „мозговые центры”.

Как бы то ни было, какие бы критерии ни использовать, ясно одно: России необходимо в срочном порядке нарастить количество и качество выпускаемой аналитической... „продукции”.

Сегодня преодоление противника во многом обусловлено победой на идеологическом фронте. И здесь „мозговые центры” должны внести свой весомый вклад.


Приложение

Рейтинг 2015 г. „мозговых центров” планеты без учёта США
[Два рейтинга „мозговых центров” планеты]






1. Chatham House (United Kingdom)
2. Bruegel (Belgium)
3. French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) (France)
4. International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) (United Kingdom)
5. Transparency International (TI) (Germany)
6. Amnesty International (AI) (United Kingdom)
7. Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) (Belgium)
8. Korea Development Institute (KDI) (Republic of Korea)
9. Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) (Denmark)
10. Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) (Japan)
11. Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS) (Germany)
12. Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES) (Germany)
13. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (Sweden)
14. Carnegie Moscow Center (Russia)
15. Fundacao Getulio Vargas (FGV) (Brazil)
16. China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) (China)
17. German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) (Germany)
18. Center for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) (United Kingdom)
19. Carnegie Middle East Center (Lebanon)
20. Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) (Japan)
21. International Crisis Group (ICG) (Belgium)
22. European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) (United Kingdom)
23. Fraser Institute (Canada)
24. Clingendael, Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Netherlands)
25. Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) (United Kingdom)
26. Human Rights Watch (HRW) (United Kingdom)
27. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) (China)
28. Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) (Spain)
29. German Development Institute (DIE) (Germany)
30. Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) (Canada)
31. Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) (India)
32. African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) (South
Africa)
33. Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) (Germany)
34. China Institute of International Studies (CIIS) (China)
35. German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) (Germany)
36. Lowy Institute for International Policy (Australia)
37. Centro Brasileiro de Relacoes Internacionais (CEBRI) (Brazil)
38. Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (United Kingdom)
39. Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales (CARI) (Argentina)
40. Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) (Republic of Korea)
41. Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) (Turkey)
42. Razumkov Centre (Ukraine)
43. Centro de Implementacion de Politicas Publicas para la Equidad y el Crecimiento
(CIPPEC) (Argentina)
44. Australian Institute of International Affairs (AIIA) (Australia)
45. Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO RAS) (Russia)
46. Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) (Norway)
47. South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) (South Africa)
48. Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM) (Poland)
49. Institute for Security Studies (ISS) (South Africa)
50. Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (Indonesia)
51. Overseas Development Institute (ODI) (United Kingdom)
52. Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA) (Singapore)
53. Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) (Norway)
54. Centre for Civil Society (CCS) (India)
55. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) (Singapore)
56. IDEAS (United Kingdom)
57. Centre for European Reform (CER) (United Kingdom)
58. Civitas: Institute for the Study of Civil Society (United Kingdom)
59. Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE) (Poland)
60. Indian Council for Research on International Economic Research (ICRIER) (India)
61. Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security (IFANS)(Republic of Korea)
62. Center for Policy Studies (CPS) (Hungary)
63. Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) (Israel)
64. Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS) (Singapore)
65. Development Research Center of the State Council (DRC) (China)
66. African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) (Kenya)
67. Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD) (Azerbaijan)
68. Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (SIIS) (China)
69. Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (ACPSS) (Egypt)
70. Cambodia Development Resource Institute (CDRI) (Cambodia)
71. Demos (United Kingdom)
72. Centre on Asia and Globalization (LKY) (Singapore)
73. Association for Liberal Thinking (ALT) (Turkey)
74. IMANI Center for Policy and Education (Ghana)
75. Adam Smith Institute (ASI) (United Kingdom)
76. Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI) (Italy)
77. Center for the Study of State and Society (CEDES) (Argentina)
78. Centre for Democracy and Development (CDD) (Ghana)
79. Centro de Investigacion para el Desarrollo A.C. (CIDAC) (Mexico)
80. Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) (Germany)
81. Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) (South Africa)
82. Asia Competitiveness Institute (ACI) (Singapore)
83. Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) (Costa Rica)
84. RAND Europe (United Kingdom)
85. Centro de Divulgacion Conocimiento Economico para la Libertad (CEDICE)
(Venezuela)
86. Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) (Italy)
87. Center for Free Enterprise (CFE) (Republic of Korea)
88. European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) (France)
89. European Centre for International Political Economy (ECIPE) (Belgium)
90. Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) (India)
91. Observer Research Foundation (ORF) (India)
92. Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies (RDCY) (China)
93. Elcano Royal Institute (Spain)
94. Fedesarrollo (Colombia)
95. EGMONT – The Royal Institute for International Relations (Belgium)
96. East Asia Institute (EAI) (Republic of Korea)
97. Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) (Russia)
98. F.A. Hayek Foundation (Slovakia)
99. Ethiopian Development Research Institute (Ethiopia)
100. IMEMO of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Russia)
101. Heinrich Boll Foundation (HBS) (Germany)
102. Fundacion para el Analisis y los Estudios Sociales (FAES) (Spain)
103. European Policy Centre (EPC) (Belgium)
104. Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) (Pakistan)
105. Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI) (Thailand)
106. TIMBRO (Sweden)
107. Unirule Institute of Economics (China)
108. Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) (Italy)
109. African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) (Kenya)
110. Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO) (Argentina)
111. Centro de Estudios Publicos (CEP) (Chile)
112. Istituto Bruno Leoni (IBL) (Italy)
113. Policy Exchange (United Kingdom)
114. Center for Democratic Development (CDD) (Ghana)
115. United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA) (Ethiopia)
116. Libertad y Desarrollo (LyD) (Chile)
117. Carnegie Europe (Belgium)
118. Brookings Doha Center (Qatar)
119. Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) (Bangladesh)
120. Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa
(CODESRIA)(Senegal)
121. Fundacion Libertad (Argentina)
122. Ethos Public Policy Lab (Mexico)
123. Asian Strategy and Leadership Institute (ASLI) (Malaysia)
124. Austrian Economics Center (AEC) (Austria)
125. Brookings India (India)
126. Center for Democratic Development (CDD) (Ghana)
127. Chung-Hua Institution for Economic Research (CIER) (Taiwan)
128. Makerere Institute of Social Research (MISR) (Uganda)
129. National Budget Group (NBG) (Azerbaijan)
130. Asociacion de Investigacion y Estudios Sociales (ASIES) (Guatemala)
131. Gateway House: Indian Council on Global Relations (India)
132. Hungarian Institute of International Affairs (HIIA) (Hungary)
133. International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) (United Kingdom)
134. Organisation for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA)
(Ethiopia)
135. Ravand Institute for Economic and International Studies (Iran)
136. United Service Institution of India (USI) (India)
137. Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF) (India)
То же, но с учётом „мозговых центров” Америки
1. Brookings Institution (United States)
2. Chatham House (United Kingdom)
3. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States)
4. Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (United States)
5. Bruegel (Belgium)
6. Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) (United States)
7. International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) (United Kingdom)
8. RAND Corporation (United States)
9. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars (United States)
10. Amnesty International (AI) (United Kingdom)
11. Cato Institute (United States)
12. Heritage Foundation (United States)
13. Fundacao Getulio Vargas (FGV) (Brazil)
14. Transparency International (TI) (Germany)
15. Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) (Japan)
16. French Institute of International Relations (IFRI) (France)
17. Fraser Institute (Canada)
18. German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) (Germany)
19. Center for American Progress (CAP) (United States)
20. Peterson Institute for International Economics (PIIE) (United States)
21. Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) (Belgium)
22. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) (Sweden)
23. Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) (United Kingdom)
24. Carnegie Moscow Center (Russia)
25. Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS) (Germany)
26. Friedrich Ebert Foundation (FES) (Germany)
27. International Crisis Group (ICG) (Belgium)
28. American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (AEI) (United States)
29. Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI) (Japan)
30. European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) (United Kingdom)
31. Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) (China)
32. Institute for World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO RAS) (Russia)
33. Korea Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) (Republic of Korea)
34. Carnegie Middle East Center (Lebanon)
35. China Institute of International Studies (CIIS) (China)
36. Consejo Argentino para las Relaciones Internacionales (CARI) (Argentina)
37. Danish Institute for International Studies (DIIS) (Denmark)
38. Centre for International Governance Innovation (CIGI) (Canada)
39. China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) (China)
40. German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) (Germany)
41. Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW) (Germany)
42. Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies (WMCES), FKA Centre for European
Studies (Belgium)
43. IDEAS (United Kingdom)
44. Australian Institute for International Affairs (AIIA) (Australia)
45. Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) (United Kingdom)
46. Clingendael, Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Netherlands)
47. Human Rights Watch (HRW) (United Kingdom)
50
48. Korea Development Institute (KDI) (Republic of Korea)
49. Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (ACPSS) (Egypt)
50. Development Research Center of the State Council (DRC) (China)
51. Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) (United Kingdom)
52. Libertad y Desarrollo (LyD) (Chile)
53. World Economic Forum (WEF) (Switzerland)
54. Lowy Institute for International Policy (Australia)
55. Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network (FANRPAN)
(South Africa)
56. Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) (Norway)
57. Bonn International Center for Conversion (BICC) (Germany)
58. Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB) (Spain)
59. Overseas Development Institute (ODI) (United Kingdom)
60. Razumkov Centre (Ukraine)
61. Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) (Norway)
62. East Asia Institute (EAI) (Republic of Korea)
63. African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD) (South
Africa)
64. Institute of International and Strategic Studies (IISS), FKA Center for International
and Strategic Studies (China)
65. African Economic Research Consortium (AERC) (Kenya)
66. Polish Institute of International Affairs (PISM) (Poland)
67. Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE) (Poland)
68. Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security (IFANS) (Republic of Korea)
69. Demos (United Kingdom)
70. Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) (Indonesia)
71. Centre for European Reform (CER) (United Kingdom)
72. Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (SIIS) (China)
73. European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) (France)
74. Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) (Turkey)
75. European Centre for International Political Economy (ECIPE) (Belgium)
76. Urban Institute (United States)
77. Institute of Foreign Affairs and National Security (IFANS) (Republic of Korea)
78. Institute for International Political Studies (ISPI) (Italy)
79. Centre for Civil Society (CCS) (India)
80. German Development Institute (DIE) (Germany)
81. Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA) (Singapore)
82. South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) (South Africa)
83. Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies (IDSS) (Singapore)
84. Fundacion para el Analisis y los Estudios Sociales (FAES) (Spain)
85. Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR) (South Africa)
86. Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (United States)
87. Heinrich Boll Foundation (HBS) (Germany)
88. Association for Liberal Thinking (ALT) (Turkey)
89. Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (United Kingdom)
90. Real Instituto Elcano (Spain)
91. Timbro (Sweden)
92. Centro de Estudios Publicos (CEP) (Chile)
93. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS) (Singapore)
94. Civitas: Institute for the Study of Civil Society (United Kingdom)
95. Centro de Divulgacion del Conocimiento Economico para la Libertad (CEDICE
51
Libertad) (Venezuela)
96. Atlantic Council (United States)
97. Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI) (Italy)
98. Centre for Policy Studies (CPS) (United Kingdom)
99. Centre for Public Policy Studies (CPPS) (Malaysia)
100. Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) (Costa Rica)
101. African Technology Policy Studies Network (ATPS) (Kenya)
102. Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) (Bangladesh)
103. Unirule Institute for Economics (China)
104. Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses (IDSA) (India)
105. Centre for Independent Studies (CIS) (Australia)
106. Hudson Institute (United States)
107. Center for Free Enterprise (CFE) (Republic of Korea)
108. Institute for National Security Studies (INSS) (Israel)
109. Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER) (India)
110. Center for China and Globalization (China)
111. Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) (India)
112. Fundacion para la Educacion Superior y el Desarrollo (Fedesarrollo) (Colombia)
113. IMANI Center for Policy and Education (Ghana)
114. Center for Policy Studies (CPS) (Hungary)
115. Institute for Security Studies (ISS) (South Africa)
116. Institute for International Policy Studies (IIPS) (Japan)
117. EGMONT – The Royal Institute for International Relations (Belgium)
118. Observer Research Foundation (ORF) (India)
119. European Policy Centre (EPC) (Belgium)
120. Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) (Germany)
121. Fundacao Armando Alvares Penteado (FAAP) (Brazil)
122. Free Market Foundation (FMF) (South Africa)
123. Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) (Russia)
124. Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA)
(Senegal)
125. Lithuanian Free Market Institute (LFMI) (Lithuania)
126. Cambodia Development Resource Institute (CDRI) (Cambodia)
127. Istituto Bruno Leoni (IBL) (Italy)
128. Center for Strategic Studies (SAM) (Azerbaijan)
129. Instituto Ecuatoriano de Economia Politica (IEEP) (Ecuador)
130. Gulf Research Center (GRC) (Saudi Arabia)
131. Institute for Development and Global Governance (DRI) (France)
132. Regional Centre for Strategic Studies (RCSS) (Sri Lanka)
133. Centro de Divulgacion Conocimiento Economico para la Libertad (CEDICE)
(Venezuela)
134. Adam Smith Institute (United Kingdom)
135. Development Alternatives (DA) (India)
136. Mercatus Center (United States)
137. Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici (CMCC) (Italy)
138. Centro de Estudio de la Realidad Economica y Social (CERES) (Uruguay)
139. Center for Economic and Social Development (CESD) (Azerbaijan)
140. Asia Society Policy Institute (ASPI) (United States)
141. National Institute for Defense Studies (NIDS) (Japan)
142. Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) (Kenya)
143. Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC) (Uganda)
52
144. National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (United States)
145. Ifo Institute – Leibniz Institute for Economic Research (Germany)
146. Institucion Futuro (Spain)
147. Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa (OSSREA)
(Ethiopia)
148. Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy (ELIAMEP) (Greece)
149. Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies (RDCY) (China)
150. Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) (Italy)
151. Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) (Finland)
152. World Resources Institute (WRI) (United States)
153. German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) (United States)
154. Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty (United States)
155. Friedrich Naumann Foundation for Freedom (FNF) (Germany)
156. Center for Global Development (CGD) (United States)
157. National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA) (Japan)
158. Centro de Investigaciones Economicas Nacionales (CIEN) (Guatemala)
159. Chicago Council on Global Affairs (United States)
160. Israel-Palestine: Creative Regional Initiatives (IPCRI), FKA Israel-Palestine Center
for Research and Information (Israel/Palestine)
161. Copenhagen Consensus Center (Denmark)
162. Research and Information (Israel/Palestine)
163. Centro Studi Internazionali (Ce.S.I.) (Italy)
164. Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER) (Ghana)
165. Caucasus Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development (CIPDD) (Georgia)
166. Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS) (India)
167. Centre for Geopolitical Studies (GEOPOLITIKA) (Lithuania)
168. Delhi Policy Group (India)
169. European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS) (France)
170. Hoover Institution (United States)
171. Centre for Policy Research (OPR) (India)
172. Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) (Ethiopia)
173. Fundar, Centro de Analisis e Investigacion (Mexico)
174. Fundacion Libertad (Argentina)
175. Caucasus Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development (CIPDD) (Georgia)

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